Professor Warren Freedman

Telephone: +27 33 260 6261
Campus: Pietermaritzburg
Building & Room: Law Building – Room 13, 1st Floor


Warren Freedman is an Associate Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal under the School of Law at Pietermaritzburg Campus, where he lectures in Constitutional Law, Property Law and Land Use and Planning Law. He obtained a Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) and Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from the University of the Witwatersrand, a Masters in Law (LLM) from the University of Natal and an Advanced Postgraduate Certificate in High Education also from the University of Natal.

Warren is interested in the legal principles governing the coastal zone and especially access to the coastal zone. His other research interests include Land Reform, Neighbour Law, Ownership, Religious Freedom, the Separation of Powers and the Structures of Government and he has published extensively in these fields.

Academic Qualifications:

  • B Com (Wits)
  • LLB (Wits)
  • LLM (Natal)
  • Advanced Postgraduate Certificate in High Education (Natal)

LLB Modules Currently Teaching:

  • Constitutional Law
  • Property Law

LLM Modules Currently Teaching:

  • Land Use and Planning Law in the LLM in Environmental Law

Other Appointments:

  • Assessor in the Pietermaritzburg High Court (2000)
  • Researcher in the Land Claims Court (2001)
  • Constitutional law advisor to the KwaZulu-Natal Legislature (2005)
  • Local government advisor to the KwaZulu-Natal Local Government Department (2006)
  • Advisory committee member: SALRC – Project 25 Legislation Administered by the Department of Rural Affairs and Land Reform (2008)


  • Distinguished Teachers Award: Certificate of Excellence (2003)

Research Interests:

  • Coastal Zone Management Law
  • Land Reform
  • Neighbour Law
  • Ownership
  • Religious Freedom
  • Separation of Powers
  • Structures of Government


  • Freedman Understanding the Constitution (Juta: 2013)
  • De Vos and Freedman (eds) South African Constitutional Law in Context (OUP: 2014)
Chapters in Books
  • Freedman ‘Commissions’ The Law of South Africa 2ed (LexisNexis: 2003).
  • Freedman ‘Paradise Lost?: The obstruction of a pleasant view and the law of nuisance’ in Hoctor and Schwikkard (eds) The Exemplary Scholar: Essays in Honour of John Milton (Juta: 2007).
  • Freedman ‘Integrated Coastal Management Boundaries and South Africa’s New Integrated Coastal Management Act’ in Couzens and Hakkonen (eds) International Environmental Law Making and Diplomacy Review (2008).
  • Freedman ‘Parliament’ The Law of South Africa Vol 20 Part 1 2ed (LexisNexis: 2010).
  • Freedman ‘Provincial Government’ The Law of South Africa Vol 21 2ed (LexisNexis: 2010).
  • Freedman ‘Real Security’ in Mostert and Pope (eds) The Principles of the Law of Property in South Africa (OUP: 2010).
  • Freedman ‘On the beach: The legal status of the sea and the sea-shore in light of the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act 24 of 2008’ in Kidd and Hoctor (eds) Stella Iuris: Celebrating 100 Years of Teachign Law in Pietermaritzburg (Juta: 2010).
  • Freedman and Keevy ‘The testing of legal rules against the Constitution’ in Humby, Kotze and Du Plessis (eds) Introduction to Law and Legal Skills in South Africa (OUP: 2012).
  • Freedman assisted by Robinson ‘Constitutional Law: Structures of Government’ in LAWSA Vol 5 Part 3 2ed (LexisNexis: 2012).
  • Freedman assisted by Robinson and Pugsley ‘Constitutional Law: Bill of Rights’ in LAWSA Vol 5 Part 4 2ed (LexisNexis: 2012).
  • Freedman ‘The Coastal Environment’ in Glazewski Environmental Law in South Africa 3ed (LexisNexis: 2013).
  • Freedman and Hoctor ‘Tiger! Tiger! Burning Bright’: The common law and statutory principles governing the ownership of exotic wild animals in South African law’ in Carnelley, Hoctor and Mukheibir (eds) De Jure Gentium et Civili – Festschrift in honour of Eltjo Schrage (NMMU: 2014).
Peer Reviewed Journal Articles
  • Milton, Jagwanth, Grant, Freedman, Cowling ‘Demise of the death penalty: the Constitutional Court pronounces’ (1995) 8 SACJ 188.
  • Freedman ‘Tax Exemptions for Religious Institutions: Are they compatible with section 14 of the Interim Constitution’ (1996) 29 De Jure 149-155.
  • Freedman ‘Understanding the Freedom of Religion Clause in the South African Constitution Bill, 1996′ (1996) 1 The Human Rights and Constitutional Law Journal of Southern Africa 35-36.
  • Freedman ‘Protecting religious beliefs and practices under section 14(1) of the Interim Constitution’ (1996) 59 THRHR 667-674.
  • Freedman ‘Privilege for the Clergy: Smith v Van Niekerk Reconsidered’ (1997) 10 SACJ 74-85.
  • Freedman ‘Understanding the right to equality’ (1998) 115 SALJ 243-251.
  • Freedman ‘Islamic marriages, the duty of support and the application of the bill of rights: Amod v Multilateral Motor Vehicle Accident Fund 1997 12 BCLR 1716 (D)’ (1998) 61 THRHR.
  • Freedman ‘Simulated transactions, the need for a pledge without possession and the Security by Means of Movable Property Act, 57 of 1993: Nedcor Bank Ltd v ABSA Bank Ltd 1998 (2) SA 830 (W)’ (1998) 10 De Jure 395-401.
  • Freedman ‘Instalment Sale Transactions and the Transfer of Ownership to the Credit Purchaser: Info Plus v Scheelke 1998 (3) SA 184 (SCA)’ (1998) 10 Obiter 180-186.
  • Freedman ‘Church-state relations and the right to religious freedom: S v Lawrence; Sv Negal, S v Solberg 1997 4 SA 1176 (CC)’ (1999) THRHR 156-163.
  • Freedman ‘The regulation of conduct by the criminal law and the constitutional protection of religious practices’ (1999) 116 SALJ 477-485.
  • Freedman ‘The right to religious liberty, the right to religious equality and section 15(1) of the South African Constitution’ 2000 (11) Stellenbosch LR 99-114.
  • Freedman ‘Rules of the Game: A Comment on section 2 of the Game Theft Act’ 2000 SAJELP 137-143.
  • Freedman ‘The Labour Tenant’s Act: Whom does it protect?’ 2000 (117) SALJ 449-459.
  • Freedman ‘Substantive versus Formal Equality and the Jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court’ 2000 (63) THRHR 314-320.
  • Freedman ‘The test for inaedificatio: What role should the subjective intention element play?’ 2000 (117) SALJ 667-676.
  • Freedman ‘Environmental conservation and the concept of ownership as an absolute and unrestricted right: Minister of Public Works v Kyalami Ridge Environmental Association and Another’ 2001 SAJELP 126-132.
  • Freedman ‘Up in smoke: Judicially mandated exemptions for religiously motivated conduct’ 2002 Stellenbosch LR 135.
  • Freedman ‘The constitutional protection of property, the conservation of the environment and the doctrine of constructive expropriation’ 2002 (9) SAJELP 61-71.
  • Freedman ‘The restitution of land rights and the recognition of diverse forms of land tenure’ 2003 (24) Obiter 314-322.
  • Freedman ‘The restitution of land rights in South Africa as reparation for past injustices’ 2003 (22) Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 157-177.
  • Freedman and Christison ‘The separation of powers and the non-delegation doctrine’ 2004 (25) Obiter 242-250.
  • Freedman ‘Commissions of Enquiry and the law of evidence’ 2004 (25) Obiter 464-467.
  • Freedman ‘The protection of the environment and the law of nuisance’ 2004 (11) SAJELP 152-158.
  • Freedman ‘Nothing to sneeze at: Snotsiekte, unlawfulness and the law of nuisance’ 2005 (2) SALJ 318-324.
  • Freedman ‘The White Paper for Sustainable Coastal Development and the Future of the Sea-shore Act’ 2006 Obiter 582.
  • Freedman ‘The constitutional right not to be deprived of property: the constitutional court keeps its options open’ 2006 TSAR83.
  • Freedman ‘Ex parte Kotze 2004 (3) SA 74 (B)’ 2007 De Jure 418.
  • Freedman ‘Fact or Fiction: Non-delegation limits on Parliament’s authority to delegate subordinate regulatory authority’ 2007 THRHR 166.
  • Freedman ‘Hear no evil: Noise Pollution, the common law of nuisance and the noise control regulation’ 2009 SAJELP 131.
  • Freedman and Grant ‘The protection of sex-workers from unlawful arrest’ 2010 SACJ 401.
  • Freedman ‘Unopposed applications for eviction from land: section 4 of Act 19 of 1998 and the common law burden of proof’ 2011 TSAR 562.
  • Freedman ‘The legislative authority of the local sphere of government to conserve and protect the environment: A critical analysis of Le Sueur v eThekwini Municipality [2013] ZAKZPHC 6 (30 January 2013)’ 2014 Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal 567.
Invited Peer Reviewed Journal Articles
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2007 SACJ 123.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2007 SACJ 292.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2007 SACJ 420.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2008 SACJ 134.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2008 SACJ 233.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2008 SACJ 357.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2009 SACJ 139.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2010 SACJ 299.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2011 SACJ 86.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2011 SACJ 232.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2012 SACJ 445.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2013 SACJ 235.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2013 SACJ 418.
  • Freedman ‘Case Reviews: Constitutional Application’ 2014 SACJ 466.
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