Mr Lee Swales

Mr Lee Swales Telephone +27 31 260 1231
Campus  Howard College
Building & Room Suite B, Room 114
Mr Lee Swales


Mr Lee Swales is a Lecturer in the field of business law at the School of Law. He holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) and a Master of Laws (LLM) from University of the Witwatersrand (Wits). He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Cape Town (UCT). He is admitted as an attorney in the High Court of South Africa and is a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer. Before joining UKZN, Swales spent several years working in corporate commercial practice in Johannesburg and Durban.
His research areas include internet law and technology, cyber-crime, consumer law, contract and corporate law.

Appointment Designation:


Academic Qualifications:


Professional Qualifications:

  • Admitted as an attorney in the High Court of South Africa,
  • Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer

Research Interests:

  • Cyber-crime,
  • Internet and technology law
  • consumer law and contract
  • Corporate law

Recent Publications: 

  • Swales L “The regulation of electronic signatures: time for review and amendment” (2015) 15 (2) South African law Journal 259.
  • Swales L ‘Protection of personal information: South Africa’s answer to the global phenomenon in the context of unsolicited electronic messages (spam)’ (2016) South African Mercantile Law Journal 28(1) 49.
  • Bellengere A and Swales L ‘Can Facebook ever be a substitute for the real thing? A review of CMC Woodworking Machinery (Pty) Ltd v Pieter Odendaal Kitchens 2012 (5) SA 604 (KZD)’ (2016) Stellenbosch Law Review 27(3) 454.

Recent Papers Delivered:

  • Can Facebook ever be a substitute for the real thing? A note on CMC Woodworking Machinery (Pty) Ltd v Pieter Odendaal Kitchens.  Presented at the Society of Law Teachers of South Africa Conference, Durban 2015.

Useful Websites:

  • – personal law blog.

Membership of Professional & Other Organisations: 

  • Law Society of KwaZulu-Natal, formerly a member of the Law Society of the Northern Provinces;
  • Provide assistance to the electronic law committee of the law society of KwaZulu-Natal;
  • Provide ad hoc lecturing on cyber-crime and electronic commerce to the Judicial Education Institute of South Africa;
  • Lecture contract law for the Law Society of South Africa Professional Legal Training for candidate attorneys.

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