Dr Janine Hicks

Dr Janine Hicks
Senior Lecturer
Howard College
Suite A, Howard College


Dr Janine Hicks is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Law where she serves as convenor for the Navi Pillay Research Interest Group, and Chairperson of UKZN’s Gender-based Violence Committee. She is Coordinator for Street Law and lectures on Master of Laws (LLM) offerings on Constitutional Litigation and on Employment Discrimination Legislation.

Dr Hicks holds a Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Cape Town, a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) and a PhD from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, and a Master of Arts (MA) in Development Studies from the University of Sussex, United Kingdom.

Dr Hicks is Project Leader for the South African Law Reform Commission’s Project 143 on Maternity and Paternity Benefits for Self-Employed Workers, and a Council member of the state’s Human Resource Development Council. Her research interests are in transformative constitutionalism, access to justice and equality jurisprudence.

After 15 years’ activism in the non-governmental organisation human rights sector, Hicks served two terms as Commissioner with the Commission for Gender Equality, one of South Africa’s constitutional institutions supporting democracy.

Academic qualifications

  • BA (UCT)
  • LLB (UND)
  • MA (University of Sussex)
  • PhD (UKZN)

Research Interests

  • Transformative constitutionalism,
  • Access to justice,
  • Equality jurisprudence


  • Hicks J, ‘Feminist institutionalism and the Commission for Gender Equality: Leveraging state accountability for gender equality through institutions supporting democracy’ in A Gouws (ed) Feminist Institutionalism in South Africa: Designing for Gender Equality, Rowman and Littlefield, 2022.
  • Hicks J, Myeni S, Buccus I, ’The Executive’, chapter in Government and Politics in South Africa, Sixth Edition, Van Schalks, University of Johannesburg, 2022.
  • Hicks J, ‘Campaigning for social security rights: Women in the informal economy and maternity benefits’, Agenda Feminist Media, Volume 33 Issue 2, 2019.
  • Hicks J, Myeni S, Buccus I,’The Executive’, chapter in Government and Politics in South Africa, Fifth Edition, Van Schalks, University of Johannesburg, 2017
  • Hicks J, Lowe-Morna C, and Fonnah, M, ‘Gender in the 2016 South African Local Government Elections’, Gender Links, 2016
  • Hicks J, Myeni S, ‘The impact of gender, race and class on women’s political participation in post-apartheid South Africa: Challenges for community development”, in Class, Inequality and Community Development, Policy Press, Shaw M, Mayo m (eds), 2016
  • Hicks J, Buccus I, ‘Public participation – strengthening state accountability in a dominant party system’, in State, Governance, and Development in Africa, University of Cape Town Press/Juta, Khan F, Grundling E, Ruiters G, Ndevu Z, and Baloyi B (eds), 2016
  • Hicks J, Buccus I, ‘Women’s political representation and participation: Policy and politics’, in The Journal of African Elections, Special Issue on Gender and Local Government Elections, Gouws, A (ed), 2013
  • Hicks J, Buccus I, ‘Participatory Policy-making in South Africa ‘, The New South African Review, Second Edition, Wits, 2012
  • Hicks J, ‘Strengthening women’s participation in local governance: Lessons and strategies’, in The Politics of Everyday Life: Feminisms and Contemporary Community Development, Community Development Journal Special Issue, 2011
  • Hicks J and Buccus I, ‘Overcoming Inertia and Generating Participation: Insights from Participatory Processes in South Africa‘, in Accountability Through Public Opinion: From Inertia to Public Action, Odugbemi, S and Lee, T (eds), World Bank/UCLA, 2011
  • Hicks J, ‘Bringing women into local governance: a review of enabling mechanisms in South Africa’, Community Development Journal 2011
  • Hicks J, ‘A gendered response to the 2010 World Cup’, in 2010 FIFA World Cup: Gender, politics and sport, Agenda Feminist Media, issue no. 85, 2010
  • Hicks J, Buccus I, Daniel J, ‘The Executive’, in Venter A and Landsberg C (eds) Government and Politics in South Africa, 4th Edition, University of Johannesburg, 2010
  • Hicks J, ‘Constitutional bodies – leveraging state accountability: The case of the South African Commission for Gender Equality’, in Malena, C (ed) Social Accountability in Africa: Practitioners’ Experiences and Lessons, Affiliated Network for Social Accountability, 2010
  • Hicks J, ‘Crafting spaces for women’s voices: The case of refugee women in KwaZulu-Natal’, in Editors Britton, H. Fish, J. and Meintjes, S. Women’s Activism in South Africa: Working Across Divides, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2009
  • Hicks J and Buccus I, ‘Building political will for participatory governance: A South African case study’, in From Political Won’t to Political Will: Building Support for Participatory Governance Kumarian Press, 2009
  • Buccus I and Hicks J, ‘Revisiting the role of ward committees’, in Editors Van Donk, M. Swilling, M. Pieterse, E & Parnell, S. (eds) Democratization with Inclusion in Consolidating Developmental Local Government: Lessons from the South African Experience, UCT Press 2008
  • Hicks J and Buccus I, ‘Crafting New Democratic Spaces: Participatory Policy-making in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa’, In Pretorious, J. (ed) African Politics: Beyond the Third Wave of Democratization‘, Juta, 2008
  • Hicks J and Buccus I, “Crafting New Democratic Spaces – Public Participation and Policy-making’, in Transformation Vol 65